Aug 13

Unity of Thought and Empirical Knowledge
by Bhakti Madhava Puri, Ph. D.
December 20, 2020

8th International Conference
Science and Scientist 2020:
Understanding the Subject/Object, Mind/Body Unity

Albert Einstein: “But before mankind could be ripe for a science which takes in the whole of reality, a second fundamental truth was needed, which only became common property among philosophers with the advent of Kepler and Galileo. Pure logical thinking cannot yield us any knowledge of the empirical world; all knowledge of reality starts from experience and ends in it. Propositions arrived at by purely logical means are completely empty as regards reality. Because Galileo saw this, and particularly because he drummed it into the scientific world, he is the father of modern physics — indeed, of modern science altogether.”

This article will show the duality between logical thinking and experience, held in common by Einstein [in the quote above] and most modern scientists, is a misconception that has led to severe consequences for arriving at a proper scientific conception of reality. The problem is this: while logical thinking is obviously involed in systematizing experiences, the details of that thinking are not included in the final result or truths of empirical observation. The term ‘result’ always implies the presumption of a process for arriving at it, and is thus a necessary part of it.

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